Denmark has a long-standing feud with neighbouring Norway, in which King Hamlet slew King Fortinbras of Norway in a battle some years ago. After the ghost appears again, the three vow to tell Prince Hamlet what they have witnessed. As the court gathers the next day, while King Claudius and Queen Gertrude discuss affairs of state with their elderly adviser PoloniusHamlet looks on glumly.
Although, it has various complex themes, the characters are a true replica of human nature.
This Penlighten article will help you get a detailed understanding of the various characters. It is the longest play written by him, and also one of the most powerful.
The play is about the conflict of a person, who had to choose between moral values and personal revenge. Synoptic Overview The plan involves complex themes like revenge, treachery, moral corruption, and incest.
Prince Hamlet is enraged by the fact that his mother, Queen Gertrude, married his uncle, Claudius, soon after the death of his father, King Hamlet. When he sees the ghost of his deceased father, he learns that his father was murdered by his uncle.
This arouses in him, a feeling of revenge towards his uncle. He also suspects that his mother was involved in the murder plan, and this angers him even further. He starts acting like a madman so that no one suspects his actual motive, and also turns away from his lady love Ophelia.
Learning about the death of her father Polonius, Ophelia becomes mad with grief and commits suicide. To save himself, Claudius makes plans to kill Hamlet. Instead of Hamlet, Gertrude drinks the poison and dies.
Hamlet kills Laertes but is wounded by his poisonous sword. They are very human, and react to situations in the way people would behave in certain situations, even in real life. The protagonists in his tragic plays have superior characteristics that make them great and powerful, but they all have one flaw, which leads them to their tragedy.
It is the same in the case of prince Hamlet. It is a complex play, and understanding its characters is not a simple task. Each one has different layers, and are rounded, as seen in most plays of Shakespeare. He never portrayed characters as black and white because he believed that human beings have a mixture of good virtues as well as bad.
He is an intelligent and knowledgeable person, a University student, thoughtful and philosophical by nature. He thinks deeply about important matters, and decisions in life. However, this contemplative nature is also his major flaw. His lack of timely action is the cause of his tragedy.
Even after he sees the ghost of his father, he does not totally believe that Claudius killed his father. Only when he gets the proof that his uncle is guilty, he is ready to kill him. Even after that, he delays his action in spite of getting plenty of chances to do it.
However, he has a contradictory personality too. This is seen when he suddenly kills Polonius, thinking that it was Claudius, who was standing behind the tapestry. This comes as a shock to the audience, because Hamlet does not even think about checking who the person is before killing.
His powerful ambition leads him to kill his own brother, and marry his widow to usurp the throne from Hamlet, who is the heir apparent. He is a calculative man who can fall to any level to hold his power to himself.
He thinks only of himself, and has the ability to manipulate people the way he wants to. However, this evil character shows its human nature too. He feels guilty, and is shown to be praying for forgiveness in various acts of the play.
Although he may have married Gertrude for power, he seems to truly love her. However, his evil virtues foreground his good ones, leading to his tragic end.
Her character is completely opposite to that of Hamlet. She is a person who does not think much about consequences of her actions.The conundrum that is Hamlet stems from the fact that every time we look at him, he is different.
In understanding literary characters, just as in understanding real people, our perceptions depend on what we bring to the investigation. Get free homework help on William Shakespeare's Hamlet: play summary, scene summary and analysis and original text, quotes, essays, character analysis, and filmography courtesy of CliffsNotes.
William Shakespeare's Hamlet follows the young prince Hamlet home to Denmark to attend his father's funeral. An Analysis of the Characters in Hamlet Hamlet by William Shakespeare has been considered by many critics as one of the best plays in English literature.
It has also been considered as one of the best tragedies among the many Shakespeare wrote. Analysis and discussion of characters in William Shakespeare's Hamlet. Extended Character Analysis.
The Ghost of King Hamlet provides the inciting incident for the play by charging his son with. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, often shortened to Hamlet (/ ˈ h æ m l ɪ t /), is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare at an uncertain date between and Set in Denmark, the play dramatises the revenge Prince Hamlet is called to wreak upon his uncle, Claudius, by the ghost of Hamlet's father, King Hamlet.
Hamlet is very complex, and many scholars have given different interpretations for this enigmatic character of Shakespeare. He is an intelligent and knowledgeable person, a University student, thoughtful and philosophical by nature.