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Directly Quoting Summarizing Paraphrase "Which option you should choose depends on how much of a source you are using, how you are using it, and what kind of paper you are writing, since different fields use sources in different ways. When to Quote, Paraphrase, or Summarize a Source.
They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author. Most of the time when you cite a source, you want to summarize or paraphrase.
Direct quotations should be used sparingly when the situation meets the criteria above. When you do use direct quotations: Do not take the quote out of context. Be sure to integrate multiple sources within your text. Use transitions to make sure your quote adds to your paper without interrupting its flow.
Attribute with an in-text citation; most citation styles request that you provide a page or paragraph number when directly citing.
If your quotation is longer, check with your citation style guide to see if additional formatting is necessary block quotations, for example.
Summaries are significantly shorter than the original and take a broad overview of the source material. Unlike the paraphrase, which presents important details, the summary presents only the most important ideas of the passage. You should not be using any word-for-word quotations or language unique to the source, so you do NOT need quotation marks around your summary.Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use.
Cite your journal article in Chicago Manual of Style . Find it. Write it. Cite it.
The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice.
¶ Over million copies sold! A citation is a reference to a published or unpublished source. More precisely, a citation is an abbreviated alphanumeric expression embedded in the body of an intellectual work that denotes an entry in the bibliographic references section of the work for the purpose of acknowledging the relevance of the works of others to the topic of discussion at the spot where the citation appears.
The Chicago Manual of Style/Turabian citation style includes two systems for citations: a notes and bibliography system and the author-date system. The notes and bibliography system is most commonly used in history courses. This system uses footnotes/endnotes and a bibliography.
Always check with your professor or teacher to confirm which [ ]. MLA (Modern Language Association) style for documentation is widely used in the humanities, especially in writing on language and literature.
MLA style features brief parenthetical citations in the text keyed to an alphabetical list of works cited that appears at the end of the work.
Quick guides to the most commonly used citation styles with links to examples of subject specific styles.