Thanx to Stalin, Anon. Nietzsche, Hank Purcell Jr.
At his labyrinthine laboratory on the Harvard Medical School campus, you can find researchers giving E.
Coli a novel genetic code never seen in nature. Around another bend, others are carrying out a plan to use DNA engineering to resurrect the woolly mammoth. His lab, Church likes to say, is the center of a new technological genesis—one in which man rebuilds creation to suit himself.
With Church, Yang had founded a small biotechnology company to engineer the genomes of pigs and cattle, sliding in beneficial genes and editing away bad ones.
Can any of this be done to human beings? Can we improve the human gene pool? The position of much of mainstream science has been that such meddling would be unsafe, irresponsible, and even impossible. Yes, of course, she said. In fact, the Harvard laboratory had a project under way to determine how it could be achieved.
By editing the DNA of these cells or the embryo itself, it could be possible to correct disease genes and pass those genetic fixes on to future generations.
Such a technology could be used to rid families of scourges like cystic fibrosis. Such history-making medical advances could be as important to this century as vaccines were to the last.
The fear is that germ-line engineering is a path toward a dystopia of superpeople and designer babies for those who can afford it. Want a child with blue eyes and blond hair? Just three years after its initial development, CRISPR technology is already widely used by biologists as a kind of search-and-replace tool to alter DNA, even down to the level of a single letter.
So far, caution and ethical concerns have had the upper hand. A dozen countries, not including the United States, have banned germ-line engineering, and scientific societies have unanimously concluded that it would be too risky to do.
But all these declarations were made before it was actually feasible to precisely engineer the germ line. The experiment Yang described, though not simple, would go like this: The researchers hoped to obtain, from a hospital in New York, the ovaries of a woman undergoing surgery for ovarian cancer caused by a mutation in a gene called BRCA1.
Working with another Harvard laboratory, that of antiaging specialist David Sinclairthey would extract immature egg cells that could be coaxed to grow and divide in the laboratory. Yang would later tell me that she dropped out of the project not long after we spoke.
Yet it remained difficult to know if the experiment she described was occurring, canceled, or awaiting publication. Regardless of the fate of that particular experiment, human germ-line engineering has become a burgeoning research concept.
At least three other centers in the United States are working on it, as are scientists in China, in the U. All this means that germ-line engineering is much further along than anyone imagined.Eugenics (/ j uː ˈ dʒ ɛ n ɪ k s /; from Greek εὐγενής eugenes 'well-born' from εὖ eu, 'good, well' and γένος genos, 'race, stock, kin') is a set of beliefs and practices that aims at improving the genetic quality of a human population.
The exact definition of eugenics has been a matter of debate since the term was coined by Francis Galton in Raymond B. Cattell and The Fourth Inquisition. By Glayde Whitney Florida State University. This paper originally appeared in The Mankind Quarterly, vol.
38, #1 & 2, Fall/Winter , p Raymond B. Cattell was selected to receive the Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement from the American Psychological Foundation. Peer Commentary. Criminal Behavior and Personality Disorders Jeffrey C.
Tatar Rochester Institute of Technology.
In addition to the research showing that the gene responsible for production of monoamine oxidase has a possible link to criminality, some evidence has also shown a . Eugenics Laws Restricting Immigration. Paul Lombardo, University of Virginia. Congress passed America's first naturalization law in Engaging with the history of post-war Greek eugenics, this paper more Hand in hand with the modernisation process, the institutionalisation of eugenics in Greece was accomplished by the establishment of the Hellenic Eugenics Society in Focusing my research between the years , this paper will investigate the birth of eugenics and Michigan's adoption of the science, which resulted in the massive human rights violations of the states 3, residents.