Origins[ edit ] Alexander Hamiltonauthor of the majority of The Federalist Papers The Federal Convention sent the proposed Constitution to the Confederation Congress, which in turn submitted it to the states for ratification at the end of September
That there is too much mixing of powers in the U. Constitution and this threatens to progress to single body holding all the powers and trampling on the rights of the individuals. The great authority on the division of powers is Montesquieu who held the highest regard for the British Constitution in which the branches had many interconnections.
The threat, as articulated by Montesquieu, exists when the whole power of one branch is exercised by the same body that exercises the whole power of another branch.
This did not occur in the British Constitution and has not been placed into the U. Each of the state constitutions as well, establishes a division of power that is not totally distinct and separate. There is not a single instance in which each branch has been kept totally separate.
Therefore, the separation of powers described by the U.
Constitution does not violate the principle of free government as it has ever been understood in America. However, in a government of mixed powers, it is essential that each branch have a degree of control over the others. Most American constitutions have thought it enough protection to simply divide the duties amongst the different branches, but the experience of both Virginia and Pennsylvania provide evidence that dividing duties between branches does not protect each branch from the power of the others.
The written demarcation of powers is not enough to prevent the concentration of powers in the hands of one body. Some have argued that the people should be the final judge when one branch attempts to usurp the power of another, but there are many reasons why this would be dangerous to the government itself.
Every appeal to the people to right the wrongs of government implies a defect in that government and reduces the respect the people give to that government. There is great danger in disturbing the public peace by frequently appealing to the public opinion.
Finally, an appeal to the people would probably not adjust the imbalance that occurred in the first place. In a representative republic, the most powerful branch is the legislative.
The branches most likely to appeal to the people for usurpation of their powers would therefore be the executive or the judicial. The supporters of the executive and judicial branches be outnumbered by the supporters of the legislative branch, which is by its nature closer in proximity and affections with the people.
It is like asking the legislative branch to decide whether the legislative branch has usurped too much power.The Federalist Papers Questions and Answers. The Question and Answer section for The Federalist Papers is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
A free, easy-to-understand summary of The Federalist Papers 10 and 51 that covers all of the key plot points in the document.
Aug 21, · I quick look at Federalist Paper #51, a must for anyone studying the foundations of American Government. AP Gov Review: The Federalist Papers (10 and 51) - Duration: History Help. Essay Help; College Essay Help; Premium Essay Writing Help; Writing. Federalist Papers 10 and 51 # Written by Madison.
Outlined the reasons for the ratification of the constitution. Centered on what issues?-“Tyranny of the majority” and said that factions were inevitable.
Federalist papers- 10, 47, 51; Friday Discussion 1.
A summary of Federalist Essays No - No. 51 in The Founding Fathers's The Federalist Papers (). Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Federalist Papers () and what it means.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. This web-friendly presentation of the original text of the Federalist Papers (also known as The Federalist) was obtained from the e-text archives of Project Gutenberg.
The Structure of the Government Must Furnish the Proper Checks and Balances Between the Different Departments. Hamilton or Madison. Federalist No. 10 ||.