I acknowledge that licentiousness is dangerous, and that it ought to be provided against. I acknowledge, also, the new form of government may effectually prevent it.
Some are purely legal creations stemming from treaties and peaceful revolutions. The United States, unique amongst the nations, is probably the only to be born by the sword and forged by the pen. Brooks Morgan Excerpt from Dr. The first public copies of the new constitution were distributed in the Pennsylvania Packet the day after the convention ended.
Copies slowly ebbed out from Philadelphia to the American periphery. Baltimore had copies within two days while Jamaica received its replications in the late fall of On May 20, the Articles Congress formally received the proposed constitution and voted on May 28 to transmit the proposal to the states for ratification.
Patrick Henry, arguably the most ardent anti-federalist, shucked anonymity altogether and published his arguments directly. The Anti-Federalist positions were simple. They believed the proposed federal government would have too much power over the states.
Many founding fathers from Virginia, Pennsylvania, Quebec and Massachusetts never quite reconciled that their states were supposed to be equal to the Virgin Islands or Delaware.
There was a belief that this new political class of Congressmen, Senators, Presidents and Supreme Court Justices would evolve into a new aristocracy. Some believed the powers of the president were not far off from being a monarch albeit without a crown. The concerns of the anti-federalists are, in my ways, still alive in modern political debates.
The smallest state in the union has equal weight with the great States of Virginia, Massachusetts, Quebec or Pennsylvania. The term and mode of its appointment, will lead to permanency; the members are chosen for six years, the mode is under the control of Congress, and as there is no exclusion by rotation, they may be continued for life, which, from their extensive means of influence, would follow of course.
The President, who would be a mere pageant of state, unless he coincides with the views of the Senate, would either become the head of the aristocratic junto  in that body, or its minion; besides their influence being the most predominant, could the best secure his reelection to office.
And from his power of granting pardons, he might screen from punishment the most treasonable attempts on the liberties of the people, when instigated by the Senate. For example, Madison and Hamilton began engineering a new constitution as early as the Annapolis Convention.
Many anti-federalists were content with the Articles. The anti-federalists were largely caught off guard and their champion, Patrick Henry, voluntarily chose to abstain from the convention altogether.
Other notable anti-federalists could not make the Convention at all. Guy Carleton was Governor of Quebec at the time and remained in Montreal. Thomas Jefferson sent dozens of letters to allies in Philadelphia but had to watch affairs from afar as he was ambassador to France at the time.
The on-the-ground problems of the Articles convinced a majority of the population that a drastic change was needed allowing the new constitution to be politically feasible. For this variety of reasons, the federalists emerged victorious. They argued that a confederation made far more sense for such varied states over such a mammoth distance.
They believed, in the vein of Montesquieu, that a consolidated republic could not exist over such a large territory. In an extensive republic there are men of large fortunes, and consequently of less moderation; there are trusts too considerable to be placed in any single subject; he has interests of his own; he soon begins to think that he may be happy and glorious, by oppressing his fellow-citizens; and that he may raise himself to grandeur on the ruins of his country.
In an extensive republic the public good is sacrificed to a thousand private views; it is subordinate to exceptions, and depends on accidents. In a small one, the interest of the public is more obvious, better understood, and more within the reach of every citizen; abuses have less extent, and, of course, are less protected.
The long duration of the republic of Sparta was owing to her having continued in the same extent of territory after all her wars. The sole aim of Sparta was liberty; and the sole advantage of her liberty, glory. It was the spirit of the Greek republics to be as contented with their territories as with their laws.
Athens was first fired with ambition and gave it to Lacedaemon; but it was an ambition rather of commanding a free people than of governing slaves; rather of directing than of breaking the union. All was lost upon the starting up of monarchy—a government whose spirit is more turned to increase of dominion.
Were it small, it would form itself into a republic; were it very large, the nobility, possessed of great estates, far from the eye of the prince, with a private court of their own, and secure, moreover, from sudden executions by the laws and manners of the country—such a nobility, I say, might throw off their allegiance, having nothing to fear from too slow and too distant a punishment.
Thus Charlemagne had scarcely founded his empire when he was obliged to divide it; whether the governors of the provinces refused to obey; or whether, in order to keep them more under subjection, there was a necessity of parcelling the empire into several kingdoms.
The anti-federalists were met head on by the Federalists:Those for ratification were the Federalist party and those against the present Constitution were the Anti-Federalists.
The Federalists won the ultimate battle when . Free Essay: The Federalists vs. The Anti-Federalists When the revolutionary war was over, the American colonists had found themselves free of British.
This debate, which started in , pitted the Federalists versus the Anti-Federalists. In a tumultuous time, where the newly independent states were riddled with debt, rebellion, and uncertainty, fifty-five men gathered to create the United States Constitution.
Compare and Contrast Federalists vs.
Antifederalists?The creation of the Constitution was a product of hours of debate and compromise that always seemed to leave someone unhappy. To ratify the constitution, every state had to agree to it, and when the delegates seemed to disagree on several fundamental issues, two different political groups /5(1).
Anti-Federalist versus Federalist comparison chart; Anti-Federalist Federalist; Introduction: In U.S.
history, anti-federalists were those who opposed the development of a strong federal government and the ratification of the Constitution in , preferring instead for power to remain in the hands of state and local governments. Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists Essay - Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists From the development of the American Constitution was a battle between two opposing political philosophies.
America’s best political minds gathered in Philadelphia and other cities in the Northeast in order to find common ground in a governmental structure.