For a suitable donation, a question could be put to the Pythia and an answer obtained from Apollo. Since the words of the Pythia were hard to understand, the priests attending her wrote up the answer in verse and delivered it to the petitioner. The answers were legendarily obscure or ambiguous -- the source of the modern of meaning of "oracular," which is precisely to be obscure or ambiguous. One example of the kinds of answers Delphi gave occurred when King Croesus of Lydiaof legendary wealth, sought advice on the attack against Persia he was contemplating.
For a suitable donation, a question could be put to the Pythia and an answer obtained from Apollo. Since the words of the Pythia were hard to understand, the priests attending her wrote up the answer in verse and delivered it to the petitioner.
The answers were legendarily obscure or ambiguous -- the source of the modern of meaning of "oracular," which is precisely to be obscure or ambiguous. One example of the kinds of answers Delphi gave occurred when King Croesus of Lydiaof legendary wealth, sought advice on the attack against Persia he was contemplating.
But he was a cautious ruler, and sent a question to Delphi, asking what would happen if he attacked the Persians. Delphi already had such a reputation. The answer that the Pythia delivered was that if Croesus attacked Cyrus, "a great kingdom will fall.
He had no idea who he was dealing with, and was defeated very swiftly indeed. Lydia became part of Persia in The former king was sent home to live in retirement, where he had the leisure to write back to Delphi and complain that he had been misled.
The priests answered his letter, telling him that what they had said was perfectly accurate. A great kingdom had indeed fallen, namely his. Croesus might have worried which kingdom the god had referred to. Another example came when the Persians invaded Greece in King Xerxes wished to avenge the defeat of his father, Darius, at the battle of Marathon in I had a student once who worked at the "Phidippides Sports Center," a sports supply store in Encino, California.
This was named after the messenger who is supposed to have run back to Athens to report the defeat of the Persians. Unfortunately, Phidippides dropped dead once he had blurted out, "Victory is ours. The distance of a Marathon run is As it happens, the distance from Marathon to Athens is more like 19 miles 30 km.
Indeed, Phidippides may not have done the run at all. He or "Philippides" is mentioned by Herodotus as running to Sparta from Athens before the battle to ask for helpbut there is no account of the run from Marathon for many centuries. Others fled the city. Unfortunately, after the Persians had flanked and eliminated the Spartans atThermopylae "Hot gates," i.
Athens, however, had just built a new fleet, under the command of Themistocles. He figured that the "walls of wood" meant the ships and that he should try and bring the Persians to action.
He drew them into an attack in the narrow waters between the island of Salamis where most Athenians had fled and the mainland.
Here the large Persian fleet could not deploy to advantage, and the Athenians started getting the better of the fight.
Xerxes, observing from a headland, was apoplectic. Now, without a dangerous and humiliating march overland, his army was stranded in Greece, short of supplies.The Bhagavad Gita, Buddhism and Christianity. The Dalai Lama has said: “When I say that Buddhism is part of Hinduism, certain people criticize me.
But if I were to say that Hinduism and Buddhism are totally different, it would not be in conformity with truth.”.
Classical Greek Pottery. During this era, Ceramic art and thus vase-painting experienced a progressive decline. Exactly why, we don't know, but, judging by the lack of innovations and the increasing sentimentality of the designs, the genre appears to have worn itself out.
Essay The Sedition Act of For the first few years of Constitutional government, under the leadership of George Washington, there was a unity, commonly called Federalism that even James Madison (the future architect of the Republican Party) acknowledged in describing the Republican form of government-- " And according to the degree of pleasure and pride we feel in being republicans, ought.
Christianity is a monotheistic religion, or belief in only one God, and spiritual practices are based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as written in the New Testament of the Bible, with the role of Jesus as savior and the Son of God.
Reading about Greek mythology may give people the impression that there was a unified Greek national religion. Nothing of the sort ever existed. This is a listing of the major religions of the world, ranked by number of adherents.