Example Research Paper on Robotics:
The image usually thought of by the word robot is that of a mechanical being, somewhat human in shape. Common in science Industrial robotics research paper, robots are generally depicted as working in the service of people, but often escaping the control of the people and doing them harm.
The word robot comes from the Czech writer Karel Capek's play " R. From this, the fictional image of robots is sometimes troubling, expressing the fears that people may have of a robotized world over which they cannot keep control.
The history of real robots is rarely as dramatic, but where developments in robotics may lead is beyond our imagination.
They are used in a relatively small number of factories located in highly industrialized countries such as the United States, Germany, and Japan.
Robots are also being used for scientific research, in military programs, and as educational tools, and they are being developed to aid people who have lost the use of their limbs.
These devices, however, are for the most part quite different from the androids, or humanlike robots, and other robots of fiction. They rarely take human form, they perform only a limited number of set tasks, and they do not have minds of their own.
In fact, it is often hard to distinguish between devices called robots and other modern automated systems. Although the term robot did not come into use until the 20th century, the idea of mechanical beings is much older. Ancient myths and tales talked about walking statues and other marvels in human and animal form.
Such objects were products of the imagination and nothing more, but some of the mechanized figures also mentioned in early writings could well have been made. Such figures, called automatons, have long been popular.
For several centuries, automatons were as close as people came to constructing true robots. European church towers provide fascinating examples of clockwork figures from medieval times, and automatons were also devised in China.
By the 18th century, a number of extremely clever automatons became famous for a while.
Swiss craftsman Pierre Jacquet-Droz, for example, built mechanical dolls that could draw a simple figure or play music on a miniature organ. Clockwork figures of this sort are rarely made any longer, but many of the so called robots built today for promotional or other purposes are still basically automatons.
They may include technological advances such as radio control, but for the most part they can only perform a set routine of entertaining but otherwise useless actions. Modern robots used in workplaces arose more directly from the Industrial Revolution and the systems for mass production to which it led.
As factories developed, more and more machine tools were built that could perform some simple, precise routine over and over again on an assembly line.
The trend toward increasing automation of production processes proceeded through the development of machines that were more versatile and needed less tending. One basic principle involved in this development was what is known as feedback, in which part of a machine's output is used as input to the machine as well, so that it can make appropriate adjustments to changing operating conditions.
The most important 20th-century development, for automation and for robots in particular, was the invention of the computer. When the transistor made tiny computers possible, they could be put in individual machine tools. Modern industrial robots arose from this linking of computer with machine.
By means of a computer, a correctly designed machine tool can be programmed to perform more than one kind of task. If it is given a complex manipulator arm, its abilities can be enormously increased. It was followed in the mids by the production of so called programmable universal manipulators for assembly PUMAs by General Motors and then by other manufacturers in the United States.
The nation that has used this new field most successfully, however, is Japan. It has done so by making robot manipulators without trying to duplicate all of the motions of which the human arm and hand are capable. The robots are also easily reprogrammed and this makes them more adaptable to changing tasks on an assembly line.An overview of modern robots like mobile robots, industrial robots, service robots, military robots, telerobot, BEAM robots, humanoid robots, microbot is given in the paper.
The paper concludes with the state-of-theart and the near future research areas in the field of robotics.5/5(12). 2 The International Journal of Robotics Research 00() Achieving bounding on LittleDog is difﬁcult for a num-ber of reasons. First, the robot is mechanically limited: .
Research article From robotic hands to human hands: a visualization and simulation engine usefulness of this system as a tool for grasping research. Keywords Robotics, Materials handling, Simulation Paper type Research paper 1. Introduction The progress in building capable robotic hands has been slow.
Paper type Research paper 1. Introduction The progress in building capable robotic hands has been slow. An important factor that has affected the progress in this Þeld Industrial Robot: An International Journal 32/1 () 55Ð63 q Emerald Group Publishing Limited [ISSN X].
What is the fund? The Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund aims to bring together the UK’s world-leading research with business to meet the major industrial and societal challenges of our time. The Impact of Robots on Productivity, Employment and Jobs A positioning paper by the International million industrial robots will be at work in , representing an average Governments must invest in robotics research and development to.