Palmer When I arrived in Mexico about two decades ago to begin research on the early history of Africans and their descendants there, a young student politely told me that I was embarking on a wild goose chase. These fugitives, he proudly proclaimed, had sought and found sanctuary in free Mexico. The historical record, of course, tells another story. In the sixteenth century, New Spain--as Mexico was then called--probably had more enslaved Africans than any other colony in the Western Hemisphere.
Anna De Koningh A slave auction. This was the original model of colonialism brought by the Dutch inand subsequently exported from the Western Cape to the Afrikaner Republics of the Orange Free State and the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek. Many South Africans are the descendents of slaves brought to the Cape Colony from until The changes wrought on African societies by the imposition of European colonial rule occurred in quick succession.
In fact, it was the speed with which change occurred that set the colonial era apart from earlier periods Slavery in africa South Africa. Of course, not all societies were equally transformed.
Some resisted the forces of colonial intrusion, slavery and forced labour for extended periods. Others, however, such as the Khoikhoi communities of the south-western Cape, disintegrated within a matter of decades.
Initially, a colonial contact was a two-way process. However, Africans were far from helpless victims in the initial encounter.
Colonial contact was not simply a matter of Europeans imposing themselves upon African societies.
For their part, African rulers saw many benefits to be had from maintaining relations with Europeans, and for a considerable period of time they engaged with Europeans voluntarily and on their own terms.
Most importantly, trade with Europeans gave African rulers access to a crucial aspect of European technology, namely firearms. More than anything else, those who had ownership and control over firearms were able to gather around themselves larger and larger groups of people.
In short, the ownership of firearms turned into a status symbol and a means to gain political power. Sadly, the article of trade in which Europeans showed the greatest interest, and which Africans were prepared to sacrifice, were slaves.
The Atlantic slave trade stands at the centre of a long history of European contact with Africa. This was the era of the African Diaspora, an all embracing term historians have used to describe the consequences of the slave trade. Estimates of the number of slaves transported from their African homes to European colonial possession in the Americas range from 9 to 15 million people.
Although a great deal of violence accompanied the trade in slaves, the sheer scale of operations involved a high degree of organisation, on the part of both Europeans and Africans.
In other words, the Atlantic slave trade could not have taken place without the cooperation, or complicity, of many Africans.
As the number of transported slaves increased, African societies could not avoid transformation, and years of slave trading took their toll.
Of course, not all African societies were equally affected, but countries such as Angola and Senegal suffered heavily.
The most important consequences of the Atlantic slave trade were demographic, economic, and political. There can be no doubt that the Atlantic slave trade greatly retarded African demographic development, a fact that was to have lasting consequences for the history of the continent.
At best, African populations remained stagnant. The export of the most economically active men and women led to the disintegration of entire societies. The trade in slaves also led to new political formations.
In some cases, as people sought protection from the violence and warfare that went with the slave trade, large centralised states came into being. The Dutch marked their permanence by building a five-pointed stone castle on the shores of the bay, a structure that continues to dominate the city centre of Cape Town.
From within the walls of the Castle, the VOC administered and governed the expanding colony. At first, the Dutch were primarily concerned with supplying their ships with fresh produce as they rounded the Cape en route to the spice-producing islands of the Indonesian archipelago.
This is because the Dutch had their most important colonial interests in Indonesia, which included the growing of crops and spices that could not be produced in Europe.A coalition to bring an end to child slavery and the worst forms of child labor in the cocoa industry.
Feb 17, · What were the motives behind the European colonisation of Africa at the end of the 19th century? Did the stamping out of slavery really play a part?
Until the 19th century, Britain and the other. Nov 12, · Slavery was practiced throughout the American colonies in the 17th and 18th centuries, and African slaves helped build the new nation into an economic powerhouse through the production of. Description of Africa before European slavery from the history of the transatlantic slave trade section of the International Slavery Museum website.
Part of the National Museums Liverpool group, this venue explores historical and contemporary aspects of slavery. Although slavery has been practiced for almost the whole of recorded history, the vast numbers involved in the African slave trade has left a legacy which can not be ignored.
Slavery in Africa Whether slavery existed within sub-Saharan African societies before the arrival of Europeans is hotly contested among African studies scholars.
Marron, is a beautiful nightmare.A photographic re-enactment of one of the horrors of slavery – the shackle. The devices depicted are based on historical documentation of these savage devices used to subdue, prevent escape and punish..
Shot in Benin these contemporary portraits are meant to conjure the not so distant past, and to sit uneasily with us.